Abstract: In this keynote, the need for a new generation of Inter-Vehicle Communication (IVC) protocols will be discussed. In the past, protocol design was mainly motivated by lessons learned from the field of mobile ad hoc networks. Yet, vehicular networks have very specific characteristics caused not only by the mobility of the vehicles but also by dynamics in the wireless communication channel. Radio signal fading and shadowing effects need to be considered in the entire design process. In the main part of the talk, examples or basic building blocks for such new IVC protocol will be presented. First of all, there is the Adaptive Traffic Beacon (ATB) approach, which supports the exchange of delay-sensitive traffic information in a wide range of scenarios by flexibly adapting to the availability of infrastructure elements as well as to the network load. From previous work, we see that centralized solutions and flooding based approaches each show benefits and drawbacks depending on traffic density, penetration, network utilization, and other parameters. This observation is in line with findings about intelligent transportation systems that have been developed for specific settings. In order to overcome this limitation, ATB has been designed to be adaptive in two dimensions: First, the beacon interval is adapted dynamically and, secondly, the protocol can dynamically make use of available infrastructure elements. Secondly, the Dynamic Beacon (DynB) approach will be investigated. This concept takes into account the dynamics caused though signal shadowing by buildings and other vehicles. The optimization goal is again to make full use of the wireless channel but prevent overload situations, i.e., collisions, reducing the performance of the transmissions.
Bio: Falko Dressler is a Full Professor for Computer Science and head of the Computer and Communication Systems Group at the Institute of Computer Science, University of Innsbruck. Dr. Dressler received his M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees from the Dept. of Computer Science, University of Erlangen in 1998 and 2003, respectively. Before moving to Innsbruck, he has been an Assistant Professor with the Computer Networks and Communication Systems chair at the Department of Computer Science, University of Erlangen, coordinating the Autonomic Networking group.
He is an Editor for journals such as IEEE Trans. on Mobile Computing, Elsevier Ad Hoc Networks, ACM/Springer Wireless Networks (WINET), and Elsevier Nano Communication Networks. He was Guest Editor of special issues on self-organization, autonomic networking, and bio-inspired communication for IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications (JSAC), Elsevier Ad Hoc Networks, and others. Dr. Dressler was General Chair of IEEE/ACM BIONETICS 2007 and IEEE/IFIP WONS 2011, TPC Co-Chair for IEEE VNC, IEEE VTC, and IEEE GLOBECOM, Area TPC Chair for IEEE INFOCOM, and Poster/Demo Chair for ACM MobiCom. He regularly serves in the TPC of networking conferences such as IEEE INFOCOM, IEEE ICC, IEEE GLOBECOM, and IEEE WCNC. Among others, Dr. Dressler wrote the textbook Self-Organization in Sensor and Actor Networks, published by Wiley in 2007. Dr. Dressler is an IEEE Distinguished Lecturer in the fields of inter-vehicular communication, self-organization, and bio-inspired and nano-networking.
Dr. Dressler is a Senior Member of the IEEE (COMSOC, CS, VTS) as well as a Senior Member of ACM (SIGMOBILE), and member of GI (KuVS). He is actively participating in the IETF standardization. His research activities are focused on adaptive wireless networking and self-organization methods with applications in wireless ad hoc and sensor networks, inter-vehicular communication, bio-inspired and nano-networking, and network security.
Abstract: Network localization and navigation give rise to a new paradigm for communication and contextualization, enabling a variety of new applications that rely on position information of mobile nodes. This talk will present a brief technical overview of our recent activities with particular emphasis on cooperative network localization employing wideband wireless technology from theoretical and practical points of view. Location inference for tagged and untagged objects is considered. Case studies based on network experimentation will be presented.
Bio: Andrea Conti is with the University of Ferrara. He also holds Research Affiliate appointments at IEIIT, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, and at LIDS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His research interests involve theory and experimentation of wirless systems and networks including network localization, adaptive diversity communications, cooperative relaying techniques, and network secrecy. Dr. Conti is serving as an Editor for the IEEE Wireless Communications Letters and served as an Associate Editor for the IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications. He is elected Chair of the IEEE Communications Society’s Radio Communications Technical Committee and is an IEEE Distinguished Lecturer. He is a recipient of the HTE Puska ́s Tivadar Medal and is co-recipient of the IEEE Communications Society’s Fred W. Ellersick Prize and of the IEEE Communications Society’s Stephen O. Rice Prize in the Field of Communications Theory.
Abstract: Forecasts about the number of connected devices by 2020 all point to billions of networked objects. As these numbers increase, there will be growing need to dynamically and more autonomously interpret and filter the wealth of information such widely distributed objects will produce, making it usable also across application domains and fostering IoT-based innovation. The keynote will present the motivation behind cognitive management of objects; it will then illustrate some solutions to the above highlighted problem, from virtualisation of objects addressing cross-domain reusability and self-management, moving to explaining how cognitive technologies can assist in making the Internet of Things more reliable, more user-friendly and eventually more widely adopted. The talk will conclude with an overview of how these solutions are being used to solve problems in real usecase scenarios, as extracted from planned results and trials of the EU iCore project.
Bio: Raffaele Giaffreda received his first degree (laurea) in Electronic Engineering from Politecnico di Torino in 1995 and his Master of Science in Telecom Engineering from University College of London in 2001.
After a brief work experience at the Optical Systems unit of Telecom Italia labs, in 1998 he joined British Telecom (BT UK) as a researcher shifting his interest from optical communications systems to data networks, mainly working on information retrieval systems, context-aware and mobile networks. He contributed to a number of collaborative projects within EURESCOM (P1112, P1118 and P1203), EU FP5, FP6 and FP7 programmes, with leadership roles since 2003. In 2008 he joined CREATE-NET where he is currently Head of the Smart IoT Research Area.
He is a recognised expert in the field of Internet of Things, context-aware and wireless networks with a substantial record of invited talks, publications in major journals and conferences, a patent and few book chapters. He has strong interest in the relationship between the Internet of Things, cognitive technologies and systems of smart objects, designed to assist and extend rather than replace human decisions. Due to his extensive background in the telecommunications domain, his research interests also include network virtualisation and infrastructure sharing, dynamic management of access resources, use of cognitive technologies in support of future internet applications.
He has a sound experience in creating, reviewing and leading research projects to delivery, managing R&D projects both internally in a leading European operator and within EU collaborations. Since 2011 he is also the Project Coordinator of the iCore EU FP7 Integrated Project (a 13m€, 20 Partners, 3 years collaborative project – see www.iot-icore.eu).
Technical expertise and personal interest in applied research makes him particularly enjoy strategic work, mapping long-term research ideas into near-term future proof solutions.